Ensemble immobilier désigné comme "faculté de médecine" (ancien couvent Saint-Benoît, ancien évêché et faculté de médecine avec le musée d'anatomie)

Désignation

Dénomination de l'édifice

Couvent, palais épiscopal, université, musée, ensemble cathédral

Genre du destinataire

De bénédictins

Titre courant

Ensemble immobilier désigné comme "faculté de médecine" (ancien couvent Saint-Benoît, ancien évêché et faculté de médecine avec le musée d'anatomie)

Localisation

Localisation

Occitanie ; Hérault (34) ; Montpellier ; rue de l'Ecole-de-Médecine

Précision sur la localisation

Anciennement région de : Languedoc-Roussillon

Adresse de l'édifice

Ecole-de-Médecine (rue de l')

Références cadastrales

1997 BY 136

Milieu d'implantation pour le domaine Inventaire

En ville

Historique

Siècle de la campagne principale de construction

Moyen Age, 17e siècle, 18e siècle, 19e siècle

Année(s) de(s) campagne(s) de construction

1738

Description historique

Dès 980, Montpellier est un lieu de rencontres et d'échanges entre les cultures chrétienne, juive et musulmane. La vocation universitaire de la ville s'affirme d'abord dans le domaine médical. En 1180, le seigneur de Montpellier, Guilhem VIII, accorde le droit d'exercer et d'enseigner la médecine.En 1220, le cardinal Conrad, légat du pape Honorius III, organise et garantit l'enseignement, ce qui fait de Montpellier la plus ancienne école de médecine en exercice. Les statuts resteront pour l'essentiel en vigueur jusqu'à la Révolution. Au 14e siècle, Montpellier passe dans le giron de la couronne. En 1492-1498, création au sein de l'université de médecine de quatre chaires royales. Les simples docteurs vont voir leur rôle d'enseignant progressivement rogné pour disparaître au début du 18e siècle. La Renaissance se caractérise par une rénovation de l'enseignement. Après les guerres de Religion, l'activité universitaire montpelliéraine devient de plus en plus médicale. A la Révolution, les universités sont abolies jusqu'à ce que la Convention fonde en 1794 trois écoles de Santé, à Paris, Strasbourg et Montpellier. Jusqu'alors logée rue du Bout du Monde, la Médecine se voit attribuer les locaux de l'ancien évêché. Elle devient Faculté de médecine lors de la création de l'université impériale en 1808. Le bâtiment est le seul vestige de l'architecture religieuse médiévale à Montpellier, témoin important de l'architecture et du décor porté des 17e et 18e siècles, dernière manifestation du néo-classicisme montpelliérain pour l'amphithéâtre et le conservatoire d'anatomie ; porte de 1738.

Description

Technique du décor des immeubles par nature

Menuiserie, peinture

Protection

Nature de la protection de l'édifice

Classé MH partiellement

Date et niveau de protection de l'édifice

2004/02/23 : classé MH

Précision sur la protection de l'édifice

L'ensemble immobilier en totalité, avec ses aménagements et décors intérieurs immeubles (en particulier du musée d'anatomie avec ses menuiseries) , à l'exclusion de l'extension du bâtiment d'époque contemporaine en prolongement nord de l'aile ouest (cad. BY 136) : classement par arrêté du 23 février 2004

Nature de l'acte de protection

Arrêté

Précisions sur les éléments protégés

Amphithéâtre universitaire,décor intérieur,porte

Référence aux objets conservés

PM34000503, PM34000502, PM34000501, PM34000505, PM34000518, PM34000540, PM34000561, PM34000583, PM34000585, PM34000589, PM34000595, PM34000622, PM34000628, PM34000639, PM34000668, PM34000672, PM34000694, PM34000729, PM34000777, PM34000802, PM34000805, PM34000810, PM34000510, PM34000526, PM34000529, PM34000534, PM34000570, PM34000600, PM34000624, PM34000662, PM34000667, PM34000677, PM34000695, PM34000703, PM34000709, PM34000725, PM34000770, PM34000775, PM34000789, PM34000793, PM34000812, PM34000817, PM34000527, PM34000563, PM34000578, PM34000579, PM34000593, PM34000603, PM34000610, PM34000613, PM34000642, PM34000645, PM34000648, PM34000666, PM34000705, PM34000710, PM34000736, PM34000742, PM34000743, PM34000779, PM34000782, PM34000784, PM34000786, PM34000790, PM34000792, PM34000807, PM34000822, PM34000555, PM34000604, PM34000637, PM34000654, PM34000658, PM34000674, PM34000676, PM34000689, PM34000754, PM34000766, PM34000780, PM34000801, PM34000504, PM34000539, PM34000542, PM34000551, PM34000559, PM34000566, PM34000581, PM34000584, PM34000615, PM34000620, PM34000644, PM34000682, PM34000701, PM34000730, PM34000803, PM34000520, PM34000523, PM34000552, PM34000558, PM34000567, PM34000569, PM34000577, PM34000625, PM34000650, PM34000660, PM34000665, PM34000699, PM34000715, PM34000750, PM34000785, PM34000814, PM34000821, PM34000507, PM34000516, PM34000535, PM34000538, PM34000560, PM34000562, PM34000564, PM34000571, PM34000587, PM34000590, PM34000598, PM34000606, PM34000621, PM34000641, PM34000655, PM34000656, PM34000669, PM34000685, PM34000688, PM34000690, PM34000726, PM34000731, PM34000732, PM34000759, PM34000783, PM34000787, PM34000511, PM34000528, PM34000530, PM34000536, PM34000544, PM34000574, PM34000580, PM34000588, PM34000597, PM34000617, PM34000634, PM34000663, PM34000692, PM34000714, PM34000737, PM34000776, PM34000806, PM34000808, PM34000509, PM34000519, PM34000522, PM34000524, PM34000549, PM34000554, PM34000607, PM34000614, PM34000678, PM34000681, PM34000702, PM34000704, PM34000711, PM34000749, PM34000757, PM34000758, PM34000764, PM34000769, PM34000774, PM34000791, PM34000796, PM34000816, PM34000541, PM34000582, PM34000619, PM34000647, PM34000740, PM34000744, PM34000747, PM34000761, PM34000768, PM34000800, PM34000820, PM34000506, PM34000512, PM34000525, PM34000547, PM34000553, PM34000605, PM34000626, PM34000635, PM34000653, PM34000684, PM34000696, PM34000722, PM34000745, PM34000788, PM34000799, PM34000811, PM34000515, PM34000521, PM34000532, PM34000545, PM34000546, PM34000548, PM34000568, PM34000594, PM34000602, PM34000630, PM34000636, PM34000649, PM34000675, PM34000697, PM34000698, PM34000708, PM34000717, PM34000724, PM34000733, PM34000741, PM34000748, PM34000765, PM34000778, PM34000809, PM34000543, PM34000565, PM34000572, PM34000576, PM34000586, PM34000591, PM34000599, PM34000612, PM34000616, PM34000646, PM34000652, PM34000670, PM34000680, PM34000707, PM34000716, PM34000719, PM34000720, PM34000746, PM34000751, PM34000763, PM34000767, PM34000772, PM34000795, PM34000517, PM34000537, PM34000550, PM34000556, PM34000601, PM34000608, PM34000609, PM34000618, PM34000623, PM34000629, PM34000631, PM34000638, PM34000640, PM34000683, PM34000693, PM34000735, PM34000739, PM34000753, PM34000762, PM34000773, PM34000781, PM34000794, PM34000797, PM34000804, PM34000508, PM34000514, PM34000533, PM34000557, PM34000592, PM34000596, PM34000611, PM34000627, PM34000632, PM34000633, PM34000651, PM34000657, PM34000661, PM34000664, PM34000671, PM34000679, PM34000687, PM34000700, PM34000712, PM34000713, PM34000721, PM34000723, PM34000734, PM34000755, PM34000798, PM34000813, PM34000815, PM34000818, PM34000819, PM34000513, PM34000531, PM34000573, PM34000575, PM34000643, PM34000659, PM34000673, PM34000686, PM34000691, PM34000706, PM34000718, PM34000727, PM34000728, PM34000738, PM34000752, PM34000756, PM34000760, PM34000771, PM34001926, PM34001927, PM34001930, PM34001932, PM34001934, PM34001920, PM34001921, PM34001923, PM34001924, PM34001925, PM34001928, PM34001931, PM34001933, PM34001922, PM34001936, PM34001937, PM34001929, PM34001935, PM34002005, PM34002007, PM34002011, PM34002029, PM34002043, PM34002046, PM34002074, PM34002086, PM34002090, PM34002100, PM34002130, PM34002144, PM34002164, PM34002167, PM34002169, PM34002189, PM34002031, PM34002039, PM34002055, PM34002077, PM34002080, PM34002082, PM34002091, PM34002098, PM34002102, PM34002121, PM34002153, PM34002176, PM34002181, PM34002197, PM34001991, PM34002017, PM34002027, PM34002033, PM34002038, PM34002051, PM34002085, PM34002092, PM34002125, PM34002135, PM34002136, PM34002146, PM34002168, PM34002190, PM34002194, PM34002198, PM34002199, PM34001993, PM34001998, PM34002015, PM34002018, PM34002021, PM34002045, PM34002047, PM34002084, PM34002087, PM34002095, PM34002099, PM34002116, PM34002120, PM34002173, PM34002175, PM34002192, PM34002032, PM34002053, PM34002083, PM34002096, PM34002104, PM34002122, PM34002155, PM34002184, PM34002188, PM34002201, PM34002001, PM34002002, PM34002028, PM34002093, PM34002109, PM34002114, PM34002123, PM34002127, PM34002129, PM34002133, PM34002137, PM34002138, PM34002140, PM34002143, PM34002148, PM34002150, PM34002174, PM34002008, PM34002009, PM34002019, PM34002037, PM34002042, PM34002048, PM34002060, PM34002071, PM34002081, PM34002158, PM34002180, PM34002186, PM34001992, PM34002023, PM34002069, PM34002070, PM34002076, PM34002097, PM34002106, PM34002113, PM34002151, PM34002178, PM34002185, PM34002193, PM34001994, PM34002010, PM34002035, PM34002058, PM34002065, PM34002075, PM34002089, PM34002128, PM34002139, PM34002161, PM34002196, PM34002025, PM34002050, PM34002056, PM34002059, PM34002079, PM34002112, PM34002117, PM34002126, PM34002142, PM34002147, PM34002159, PM34002163, PM34002191, PM34002200, PM34001996, PM34001997, PM34002020, PM34002022, PM34002030, PM34002041, PM34002052, PM34002131, PM34002166, PM34002170, PM34002182, PM34002000, PM34002004, PM34002013, PM34002061, PM34002066, PM34002110, PM34002115, PM34002119, PM34002149, PM34002165, PM34002179, PM34001990, PM34002044, PM34002057, PM34002062, PM34002068, PM34002078, PM34002088, PM34002105, PM34002107, PM34002118, PM34002145, PM34002154, PM34002156, PM34002157, PM34002162, PM34002177, PM34002024, PM34002040, PM34002054, PM34002064, PM34002103, PM34002108, PM34002111, PM34002172, PM34002183, PM34002187, PM34001995, PM34001999, PM34002006, PM34002012, PM34002014, PM34002016, PM34002036, PM34002063, PM34002067, PM34002072, PM34002124, PM34002141, PM34002160, PM34002003, PM34002026, PM34002034, PM34002049, PM34002073, PM34002094, PM34002101, PM34002132, PM34002134, PM34002152, PM34002171, PM34002195, PM34002215, PM34002219, PM34002210, PM34002212, PM34002218, PM34002213, PM34002216, PM34002211, PM34002204, PM34002208, PM34002209, PM34002207, PM34002206, PM34002202, PM34002205, PM34002203, PM34002214, PM34002217, PM34002225, PM34002289, PM34002291, PM34002278, PM34002279, PM34002281, PM34002283, PM34002284, PM34002295, PM34002292, PM34002300, PM34002286, PM34002288, PM34002280, PM34002290, PM34002287, PM34002296, PM34002298, PM34002277, PM34002294, PM34002282, PM34002285, PM34002297, PM34002293, PM34002299, PM34002410, PM34002408, PM34002406, PM34002404, PM34002405, PM34002412, PM34002407, PM34002409, PM34002411, PM34002403, PM34003196, PM34003179, PM34003194, PM34003181, PM34003191, PM34003167, PM34003172, PM34003177, PM34003173, PM34003176, PM34003217, PM34003171, PM34003175, PM34003193, PM34003174, PM34003184, PM34003168, PM34003170, PM34003182, PM34003185, PM34003169, PM34003186, PM34003195, PM34003178, PM34003180, PM34003183, PM34004325, PM34004338, PM34004348, PM34004351, PM34004412, PM34004416, PM34004430, PM34004437, PM34004458, PM34004462, PM34004473, PM34004474, PM34004480, PM34004481, PM34004502, PM34004523, PM34004529, PM34004538, PM34004544, PM34004560, PM34004570, PM34004584, PM34004586, PM34004594, PM34004596, PM34004599, PM34004638, PM34004673, PM34004683, PM34004688, PM34004716, PM34004772, PM34004778, PM34004794, PM34004797, PM34004816, PM34004881, PM34004343, PM34004344, PM34004354, PM34004360, PM34004414, PM34004420, PM34004439, PM34004444, PM34004461, PM34004466, PM34004468, PM34004470, PM34004477, PM34004514, PM34004531, PM34004536, PM34004547, PM34004555, PM34004564, PM34004576, PM34004577, PM34004585, PM34004593, PM34004605, PM34004627, PM34004645, PM34004656, PM34004663, PM34004664, PM34004684, PM34004693, PM34004702, PM34004710, PM34004727, PM34004730, PM34004735, PM34004741, PM34004757, PM34004763, PM34004784, PM34004785, PM34004792, PM34004798, PM34004799, PM34004836, PM34004837, PM34004851, PM34004862, PM34004887, PM34004891, PM34004913, PM34004930, PM34004332, PM34004334, PM34004337, PM34004374, PM34004376, PM34004392, PM34004398, PM34004423, PM34004433, PM34004464, PM34004533, PM34004549, PM34004579, PM34004590, PM34004612, PM34004618, PM34004620, PM34004621, PM34004628, PM34004635, PM34004652, PM34004668, PM34004669, PM34004676, PM34004690, PM34004698, PM34004700, PM34004714, PM34004719, PM34004720, PM34004750, PM34004756, PM34004768, PM34004771, PM34004812, PM34004817, PM34004849, PM34004861, PM34004895, PM34004916, PM34004378, PM34004380, PM34004381, PM34004383, PM34004387, PM34004409, PM34004455, PM34004457, PM34004463, PM34004471, PM34004519, PM34004520, PM34004554, PM34004557, PM34004563, PM34004598, PM34004622, PM34004641, PM34004646, PM34004660, PM34004733, PM34004760, PM34004804, PM34004815, PM34004824, PM34004825, PM34004857, PM34004865, PM34004888, PM34004892, PM34004917, PM34004925, PM34004936, PM34004324, PM34004339, PM34004357, PM34004361, PM34004370, PM34004372, PM34004385, PM34004400, PM34004408, PM34004432, PM34004434, PM34004501, PM34004504, PM34004507, PM34004550, PM34004551, PM34004567, PM34004595, PM34004604, PM34004610, PM34004666, PM34004691, PM34004709, PM34004718, PM34004744, PM34004746, PM34004755, PM34004769, PM34004789, PM34004793, PM34004801, PM34004802, PM34004803, PM34004806, PM34004819, PM34004823, PM34004829, PM34004834, PM34004898, PM34004906, PM34004907, PM34004908, PM34004932, PM34004935, PM34004331, PM34004345, PM34004347, PM34004355, PM34004359, PM34004382, PM34004401, PM34004421, PM34004431, PM34004449, PM34004452, PM34004497, PM34004506, PM34004517, PM34004526, PM34004528, PM34004532, PM34004572, PM34004582, PM34004648, PM34004665, PM34004697, PM34004712, PM34004723, PM34004736, PM34004740, PM34004749, PM34004779, PM34004811, PM34004813, PM34004835, PM34004838, PM34004846, PM34004858, PM34004876, PM34004883, PM34004896, PM34004919, PM34004342, PM34004356, PM34004410, PM34004446, PM34004447, PM34004454, PM34004472, PM34004486, PM34004488, PM34004566, PM34004608, PM34004629, PM34004636, PM34004706, PM34004708, PM34004751, PM34004765, PM34004776, PM34004781, PM34004787, PM34004791, PM34004814, PM34004833, PM34004839, PM34004859, PM34004860, PM34004902, PM34004922, PM34004329, PM34004350, PM34004353, PM34004391, PM34004403, PM34004419, PM34004435, PM34004438, PM34004451, PM34004475, PM34004476, PM34004498, PM34004521, PM34004542, PM34004559, PM34004565, PM34004580, PM34004581, PM34004591, PM34004614, PM34004623, PM34004625, PM34004630, PM34004647, PM34004655, PM34004657, PM34004661, PM34004685, PM34004686, PM34004689, PM34004703, PM34004748, PM34004753, PM34004762, PM34004783, PM34004790, PM34004818, PM34004844, PM34004847, PM34004848, PM34004850, PM34004854, PM34004879, PM34004882, PM34004894, PM34004899, PM34004915, PM34004923, PM34004924, PM34004934, PM34004364, PM34004377, PM34004389, PM34004395, PM34004396, PM34004404, PM34004415, PM34004418, PM34004422, PM34004425, PM34004436, PM34004441, PM34004459, PM34004484, PM34004494, PM34004500, PM34004511, PM34004513, PM34004527, PM34004530, PM34004553, PM34004556, PM34004561, PM34004569, PM34004575, PM34004597, PM34004615, PM34004619, PM34004642, PM34004644, PM34004654, PM34004667, PM34004678, PM34004679, PM34004721, PM34004731, PM34004747, PM34004767, PM34004770, PM34004800, PM34004810, PM34004864, PM34004877, PM34004880, PM34004886, PM34004901, PM34004931, PM34004327, PM34004328, PM34004330, PM34004335, PM34004336, PM34004352, PM34004373, PM34004493, PM34004505, PM34004510, PM34004515, PM34004525, PM34004539, PM34004545, PM34004558, PM34004574, PM34004637, PM34004670, PM34004705, PM34004773, PM34004775, PM34004840, PM34004843, PM34004866, PM34004889, PM34004890, PM34004904, PM34004909, PM34004912, PM34004918, PM34004921, PM34004926, PM34004939, PM34004323, PM34004346, PM34004368, PM34004388, PM34004448, PM34004478, PM34004490, PM34004508, PM34004512, PM34004546, PM34004562, PM34004571, PM34004588, PM34004672, PM34004695, PM34004701, PM34004713, PM34004715, PM34004717, PM34004728, PM34004752, PM34004820, PM34004830, PM34004841, PM34004842, PM34004986, PM34004855, PM34004856, PM34004868, PM34004872, PM34004874, PM34004884, PM34004900, PM34004905, PM34004927, PM34004349, PM34004369, PM34004399, PM34004429, PM34004453, PM34004460, PM34004485, PM34004487, PM34004496, PM34004499, PM34004540, PM34004568, PM34004601, PM34004606, PM34004609, PM34004613, PM34004616, PM34004632, PM34004649, PM34004650, PM34004651, PM34004671, PM34004674, PM34004682, PM34004687, PM34004711, PM34004722, PM34004724, PM34004732, PM34004734, PM34004743, PM34004759, PM34004766, PM34004782, PM34004788, PM34004805, PM34004809, PM34004827, PM34004845, PM34004867, PM34004869, PM34004873, PM34004875, PM34004897, PM34004903, PM34004920, PM34004326, PM34004333, PM34004340, PM34004341, PM34004379, PM34004384, PM34004440, PM34004442, PM34004450, PM34004465, PM34004467, PM34004482, PM34004483, PM34004509, PM34004537, PM34004543, PM34004573, PM34004602, PM34004603, PM34004643, PM34004680, PM34004704, PM34004742, PM34004780, PM34004828, PM34004832, PM34004853, PM34004863, PM34004914, PM34004938, PM34004363, PM34004367, PM34004386, PM34004393, PM34004394, PM34004417, PM34004479, PM34004489, PM34004491, PM34004495, PM34004541, PM34004583, PM34004624, PM34004633, PM34004634, PM34004639, PM34004653, PM34004659, PM34004662, PM34004677, PM34004692, PM34004696, PM34004726, PM34004739, PM34004745, PM34004754, PM34004774, PM34004786, PM34004795, PM34004808, PM34004822, PM34004870, PM34004893, PM34004358, PM34004362, PM34004365, PM34004366, PM34004390, PM34004397, PM34004406, PM34004407, PM34004445, PM34004456, PM34004469, PM34004503, PM34004516, PM34004522, PM34004524, PM34004534, PM34004552, PM34004589, PM34004607, PM34004631, PM34004681, PM34004699, PM34004707, PM34004725, PM34004738, PM34004761, PM34004764, PM34004777, PM34004807, PM34004821, PM34004826, PM34004831, PM34004987, PM34004878, PM34004928, PM34004933, PM34004937, PM34004371, PM34004375, PM34004402, PM34004405, PM34004411, PM34004413, PM34004424, PM34004426, PM34004427, PM34004428, PM34004443, PM34004492, PM34004518, PM34004535, PM34004548, PM34004578, PM34004587, PM34004592, PM34004600, PM34004611, PM34004617, PM34004626, PM34004640, PM34004658, PM34004675, PM34004694, PM34004729, PM34004737, PM34004758, PM34004796, PM34004852, PM34004871, PM34004885, PM34004910, PM34004911, PM34004929, PM34004949, PM34004970, PM34004975, PM34004978, PM34004982, PM34004963, PM34004965, PM34004943, PM34004944, PM34004955, PM34004971, PM34004985, PM34004966, PM34004946, PM34004953, PM34004956, PM34004968, PM34004974, PM34004976, PM34004977, PM34004959, PM34004960, PM34004964, PM34004972, PM34004979, PM34004984, PM34004957, PM34004967, PM34004948, PM34004950, PM34004951, PM34004952, PM34004958, PM34004961, PM34004969, PM34004973, PM34004980, PM34004983, PM34004940, PM34004962, PM34004941, PM34004947, PM34004954, PM34004981, PM34004942, PM34004945

Intérêt de l'édifice

À signaler

Observations concernant la protection de l'édifice

Inscription 05 04 1930 (porte monumentale) et inscription 14 04 2003 (ensemble formé par l'ancien couvent, ancien évêché et faculté de médecine, avec les aménagements et décors intérieurs immeubles, y compris les immeubles par destination, en particulier du musée d'anatomie avec ses menuiseries, à l'exclusion de l'extension du bâtiment d'époque contemporaine en prolongement nord de l'aile ouest/nord-ouest) (arrêtés) annulées. Objets mobiliers protégés.

Statut juridique

Statut juridique du propriétaire

Propriété de l'Etat

Affectataire de l'édifice

Ministère chargé de l'éducation nationale

Précisions concernant l'affectataire de l'édifice

Affecté à l'Université Montpellier I

Références documentaires

Date de rédaction de la notice

1992

Cadre de l'étude

Recensement immeubles MH

Typologie du dossier

Dossier de protection

Accès Mémoire

34172

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ancien couvent, monastère de bénédictins et collège Saint-Benoît actuellement faculté de médecine; cathédrale Saint-Pierre
ancien couvent, monastère de bénédictins et collège Saint-Benoît actuellement faculté de médecine; cathédrale Saint-Pierre
© Inventaire général, ADAGP
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